Disabilities


Areas of Disability

 

Auditory Impairment

Auditory Impairment (hearing) means an impairment in hearing, whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance but that is not included under the definition of deafness in this section.

Deaf (hearing) means a hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

Useful Links:
Educational Resource Center on Deafness, Texas School for the Deaf
http://www.texasdhhresources.org
Texas School for the Deaf (TSD)
http://www.tsd.state.tx.us
Alexander Graham Bell Association for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing (AG Bell)
http://www.agbell.org
American Academy of Audiology (AAA)
http://www.audiology.org
American Society for Deaf Children (ASDC)
http://deafchildren.org

 

Autism

Autism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three, which adversely affects a child’s educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences.

Useful Links:
Autism Society of America
http://www.autism-society.org/
Autism Speaks
http://www.autismspeaks.org/


Deaf-Blindness

Deaf-Blindness means related hearing and visual impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for children with deafness or children or children with blindness.

Useful Links:
Deaf-Blind Multi-handicapped Association of Texas
http://www.dbmat-tx.org/
National Center on Deaf-Blindness
https://nationaldb.org/

 

Emotional Disturbance

Emotional Disturbance means a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

  • An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors.
  • An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers.
  • Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances.    
  • A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.
  • A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.

 

Intellectual Disability

Intellectual Disability means significantly below average general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.


Multiple Disabilities

Multiple Disabilities means related impairments (such as mental retardation-blindness, mental retardation-orthopedic impairment, etc.), the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education programs solely for one of the impairments. Multiple disabilities do not include deaf- blindness.

  

Orthopedic Impairment

Orthopedic Impairment means a severe orthopedic impairment that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes impairments caused by a congenital anomaly, impairments caused by disease (e.g.; poliomyelitis, bone tuberculosis, etc.), and impairments from other causes (e.g.; cerebral palsy, amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures).

 

Other Health Impairment

Other Health Impairment means having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that - - Is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, and sickle cell anemia, and Adversely affects a child’s educational performance.


Specific Learning Disabilities

Specific Learning Disabilities means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations.

 Useful Links:

LD Online
http://www.ldonline.org/
National Center of Learning Disabilities
http://www.ncld.org

 

Speech Language Impairment

Speech or Language Impairment means a communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, language impairment, or a voice impairment, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance.

 

Useful Links:
American Hearing and Speech Association
Developmental Norms for Speech and Language
http://www.asha.org/slp/schools/prof-consult/norms/


Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury means an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that adversely affects a child’s educational performance. Traumatic brain injury applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; abstract thinking judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. Traumatic brain injury does not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain injuries induced by birth trauma.

Useful Links:
Center for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/


Visual Impairment

Visual Impairment including blindness means an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child’s educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.

Useful Links:
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired
http://www.tsbvi.edu/general-information-and-services/195-general-information-for-parents



Parent Visual Impairment Brochure

 

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